Surat is a city located on the western part of India in the state of Gujarat. It is one of the most dynamic city of India with one of the fastest growth rate due to immigration from various part of Gujarat and other states of India.
Surat is one of the cleanest city of India and is also known by several other names like "THE SILK CITY", "THE DIAMOND CITY", "THE GREEN CITY", etc. It has the most vibrant present and an equally varied heritage of the past. It is the city where the British first land in India. The Dutch and the Portuguese also established there business centers in Surat, the remnants of which are still preserved in the modern day Surat. In past this was a glorious port with ships of more than 84 countries anchored in its harbour at any time.
Still today, Surat continues the same tradition as people from all around the country flock in for business and jobs. Surat has practically zero percent unemployment rate and jobs are easier to get here due to very fast development of various industries in and around Surat City.
The city of Surat has glorious history that dates back to 300 BC. The origin of the city can be traced to the old Hindu town of Suryapur during 1500 – 1520 A.D., which was later colonised by the Brigus or the King from Sauvira on the banks of River Tapi. In 1759, The British rulers took its control from the Mughals till the beginning of the 20th century. The city is located on the River Tapi and has about 6 km long coastal belt along the Arabian Sea. Due to these reasons, the city emerged as an important trade centre and enjoyed prosperity through sea trade in the 16th, 17th and 18th centuries. Surat became the most important trade link between India and many other countries and was at the height of prosperity till the rise of Bombay port in the 17th and 18th centuries. Surat was also a flourishing centre for ship building activities. The whole coast of Tapi from Athwalines to Dumas was specially meant for ship builders who were usually Rassis. After the rise of the port at Bombay, Surat faced a severe blow and its ship building industry also declined. During the post-independence period, Surat has experienced considerable growth in industrial activities (especially textiles) along with trading activities. Concentration of these activities combined with residential developments has resulted in considerable expansion of the city limits.
Contribution to National
Surat city is one of the most important city on the industrial map of the country with many large industries developed over here. The economic base of Surat consists of textile manufacturing, trade, diamond cutting and polishing industries, intricate Zari works, chemical industries and the petrochemical and natural gas based industries at Hazira established by leading industry houses such as ONGC, Reliance, ESSAR, and Shell.
The City accounts for:
42 % of the world’s total rough diamond cutting and polishing,
70 % of the nation’s total rough diamond cutting and polishing,
40 % of the nation’s total diamond exports,
40 % of the nation’s total man made fabric production,
28 % of the nation’s total man made fiber production
18 % of the nation’s total man made fiber export, and
12 % of the nation’s total fabric production.
The region is one of the leading city-regions in the country that has attracted massive investments of which substantial proportion is under implementation. According to CMIE 2002, the Surat City region has a proposed investment of about Rs. 11,817 Crores. In addition projects worth Rs. 2,022 Crores are under implementation. Hazira and SEZ are major focal points for growth. Given these, the prospects of rapid growth continuing is bright.